Data Query

Data Query

To explore information about IPCBs by country over different years, please use the menu system provided below. As you make selections, the display area beneath the menu will update to reflect your choices. Start by choosing a country or countries from the 'Country' drop-down menu. Note that the menu color will change to indicate when it is ready for your selection. This menu system is designed to accommodate the selection of single or multiple countries, IPCBs, and years. Simply proceed through each category, making your selections to view the corresponding information.

Summary Overview
Name of IPCB (Year founded) Name of Country Name of Region that IPCB is responsible for Can complaints be made directly to the IPCB? Can complaints be made directly to the Police? Can complaints be automatically referred to the IPCB? Can the IPCB initiate investigations? Does the IPCB have sanctioning power? IPCB Budget (Millions) IPCB Total Staff IPCB Website
Police Ombudsman of Northern Ireland (2000) Northern Ireland Yes No Yes Yes No £10.6 147
Needed Value () Germany Baden-Württemberg Yes Yes No Yes No
Police Investigations and Review Commissioner (2013) Scotland No Yes Sometimes Yes No £5.3 90
Independent Office for Police Conduct (2018) England & Wales No Yes Sometimes Yes No £71.5 1057
Défenseur des Droits (2011) France Yes Yes No Yes No €22.9M 230 Employees. 550 Volunteer delegates.
National: Public Safety Commission (?????). Regional: Prefectural Public Safety Commissions. (1947 (Re-established after police reform in 1954)) Japan No

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Supporting Institutions

HWR Berlin
Robert Gordon University
University of Dundee
Cergy Paris
Universit  de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines
University of Strathclyde
Kyoto University
Universit  du Qu bec   Trois-Rivi res
Goethe University